[72], Et misericordia (And mercy), a duet for alto and tenor, begins with an undulating movement in 12/8 time, played by violins and violas. A new live recording of Bach’s Lutheran Mass in F Major (BWV223), Cantata "Süßer Trost, mein Jesus kömmt (BWV 151) and Magnificat in E flat (BWV243a), recorded in London at the end of a European tour in December 2016. Verse 10 and doxology (movements 11 and 12): movements two and three, both for solo soprano, build up to the Omnes generationes choral movement No. [72] The motif, again beginning with repeated notes, is introduced by four measures of the continuo, then repeated by the voice. Later the orchestral writing thickens, returning from the. There are now many other great recordings of the Magnificat of course to compete with this one, but where this disc really stands out is for the cantata "Jauchzet Gott in allen landen" BWV 51. Sigiswald Kuijken: La Petite Bande. And among the hundreds of cantatas, the Passions, the masses, and the oratorios, Magnificat is unique. The better known version from the Vulgate, ending on "... bonae voluntatis", is an incorrect rendering of the original Greek version of Luke 2:14, there said by angels in the Christmas night. It is the first major liturgical composition on a Latin text by Bach. Nach dem Urtext der Neuen Bach-Ausgabe. [77][78], After the composer's death the autographs of both the E-flat major and the D major version of the Magnificat were owned by his son Carl Philipp Emanuel. Five vocal soloists are required: two sopranos (sI, sII), alto (a), tenor (t) and bass (b). [11][12] Bach assumed the position of Thomaskantor on 30 May 1723, the first Sunday after Trinity, performing an ambitious cantata in 14 movements, Die Elenden sollen essen, BWV 75, followed by a comparable cantata, Die Himmel erzählen die Ehre Gottes, BWV 76 the next Sunday. The movement consists of 6 blocks of 15 measures, totalling 90 bars of music, exactly half of them with choral singing: Et exultavit spiritus meus ("And my spirit has rejoiced [in God my Saviour]") is an aria sung by soprano II, accompanied by the strings. And singing Martin Luther’s version of that ancient tune immediately before was Jacob Lawrence, the organist’s son. It is scored for five vocal parts (two sopranos, alto, tenor and bass), and a Baroque orchestra including trumpets and timpani. [83], The score of the E-flat major version of Bach's Magnificat was first published by Simrock in 1811, edited by Georg Pölchau, however with printing errors,[84] and without the Christmas hymns. II 23→", "D-B Mus.ms. In the 1723 version movement 10 (Suscepit Israel) has a bassett (Ba) part played exclusively by violins and viola in unisono. Liam is a pianist, composer, arranger and singer based in London. Magnificat anima mea Dominum ("My spirit gives great praise to the Lord", Luke 1:46) is the text used for the opening chorus. [109] Philip Pickett's 1995 recording of the E-flat major version appeared on L'Oiseau Lyre. In many of these settings a single verse of the Magnificat can be sung by one or more soloists alternating with choral singing, as Bach does in his treatment of the third Magnificat verse: the soprano sings the first words of the verse, while the chorus concludes it. [44] The sound in the E-flat major version is somewhat harsher than in the D major version, for example the bass line in measure three, and in measure 24 where the first version has a dissonant dominant ninth which was changed to a less dissonant harmony in the later version. In Christianity, the feast commemorating that visit is called Visitation. Conn Bb Trumpets. Measure 31–45: The sopranos enter first, with the first main motive, and from measure 32 alto and tenor imitate the same. Zamów dostawę do dowolnego salonu i zapłać przy odbiorze! [72] The second thought of the verse, beginning with et exaltavit humiles (and exalted the humble), is sung without introduction. A DVD of the recording, which included a performance of Kuhnau's Magnificat with his four Christmas interpolations, and of Bach's German Magnificat BWV 10, was released in 2004. Harry Christophers: The Sixteen (The Symphony of Harmony and Invention) [46] A similar cantata on a German paraphrase of the Magnificat, Meine Seele rühmt und preist, BWV 189 for tenor solo and composed for Visitation, has also been attributed to Hoffmann.[47][48]. And while it has inspired as many composers to write settings for it as virtually any other text, it inspired Bach to be more ambitious than he ever had before. 21", "Meine Seele rühmt und preist BWV 189 / Anh. (The stem of Jesse hath flourished, Our Emanuel hath appeared, And hath put on human flesh, And become a lovely child, Alleluja!) [90] A year later he published the D major version of the Magnificat with an orchestral score in line with 19th century performance practice, for example expanding the "organ and continuo" single stave with annotated bass from the autograph and the Bach-edition into several separate staves for organ, bassoon and celli. [29], Bach was not the first to include mixed German/Latin Christmas interpolations in a Magnificat sung in Latin: Hieronymus Praetorius published a Magnificat with such interpolations in 1622. [72], Sicut locutus est (As he spake [to our fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed for ever]), the last line of the Magnificat has a theme in four distinct measures: the first repeated notes, the second flowing eighth notes, the third quarter notes in leaps, the fourth half notes leaping up a sixth. [113] Thomas Hengelbrock's recording of BWV 243.1, with the Balthasar-Neumann-Chor and Ensemble, was released by Deutsche Harmonia Mundi in 2008. [24] Such an example can be found in Claudio Monteverdi's Magnificat a 7 voci, one of two alternative Magnificat settings included in his Vespro della Beata Vergine. 9 Esurientes, but are not part of the tutti. [50] Further, Bach copied Latin Magnificats by other composers: Bach's Magnificat consists of eleven movements for the text of Luke 1:46–55, concluded by a twelfth doxology movement. Compared to Lutheran practice elsewhere, an uncharacteristic amount of Latin was used in church services in Leipzig. 3 trumpets (E ♭), timpani, 2 oboes, 2 violins, viola, continuo Related Works Magnificat in D major, BWV 243 (Second Version) Primary Sources Bach Digital (source list) External Links Wikipedia article Bach-Cantatas.com Bach.de (German) Magnificat - Scores at Sheet Music Plus [102], Bruno Maderna recorded BWV 243.1, with the choir and orchestra of the Südwestdeutscher Rundfunk, and Hedy Graf, Hildegard Laurich, Adalbert Kraus and Michael Schopper as vocal soloists, in 1971. During that period Bach had been composing a Kyrie-Gloria mass in B minor which he dedicated to the successor, Frederick Augustus II, in a letter signed 27 July 1733. [72] In the second development, soprano I begins, followed by alto, tenor and bass. [95] Performances of the Magnificat by, among others, Serge Koussevitzky and the Boston Symphony Orchestra were recorded in the 1940s and appeared on 78 rpm records. "[80] Generally it was also the D major version without the Christmas hymns that was chosen for performance. Bach: Magnificat; Cantata BWV 80/Herreweghe. The movement preceding, and the one following, the central 7th movement are also in a minor key. Nach dem Urtext der Neuen Bach-Ausgabe. 80, "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott," is a bonus inclusion; Herreweghe programs a revision by Bach's son Wilhelm Friedemann that includes trumpets and tympani. [20][21][22] In Protestantism there was no Latin text more often set to music than the Magnificat. Kuhnau's has five choral movements, like Bach's, but his second is verse 4 (instead of 3b for Bach), and his last is only verse 12, where for Bach that final chorus sets both verse 11 and 12. Magnificat (BWV 243) – kompozycja Jana Sebastiana Bacha, do łacińskiego tekstu Wulgaty pochodzącego z Ew. [72] Dispersit appears in various voices, but then isolated, in a sequence from the highest voice to the lowest. >>The first piccolo trumpet in G was made by F. Besson for a performance by Teste of Bach s Magnificat in 1885. The Magnificat is the first large choral work that Bach composed after his appointment in Leipzig in the spring of 1723. However, there are many differences: the Magnificat contains about twice as many movements as an average cantata, keeping it short by avoiding da capos in the arias, and altogether no recitatives. [41] The autograph of the E-flat major version of the Magnificat (BWV 243.1) suggests that Bach intended to perform the first version of his Magnificat also without the laudes, depending on circumstances, for example on other feasts than Christmas. [103] Nicolaus Harnoncourt's first recording of the D major version followed in 1984. Around 1733 Bach filed two cantatas by Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel, for the fifth and the sixth Sunday after Trinity (5 and 12 July in 1733): Bach may have relied on church music by other composers for the services in Leipzig in July 1733, while composing and copying out the performance parts of the extensive first part of the Mass in B minor. [98] More recordings of the Magnificat became available, for instance directed by Kurt Redel, Leonard Bernstein, Karl Richter and Karl Ristenpart. Św. Classical 99.5 | Classical Radio Boston. The text of these laudes had been used in Leipzig in a Christmas cantata by Bach's predecessor Kuhnau. The movements 1 (Magnificat), 7 (Fecit potentiam) and 12 (Gloria patri) are the cornerstones of the composition: they are in the tonic key (E♭ major for BWV 243.1, D major for BWV 243.2), and are the only movements that feature a five-part chorus as well as a tutti orchestra. Conn Brass Trumpets. [23] Also settings of the German text of the Magnificat were current from the early 17th century, without one form suppressing the other.[23]. In all three Magnificats the other verses are set for soloists, as a single voice or combined into duets and trios.[73]. The San Francisco Choral Society performed the Magnificat in D by J.S. [118] In December 2016, Bach's autograph of the D major version of his Magnificat was among the top three most visited scores at the Bach Digital website. Along the way, if you’d like to see a translation of the text of Magnificat, including the so-called “Christmas interpolations,” from Boston’s Emmanuel Music, just visit us online at Classical WCRB dot org. Thank you for joining me today, and thanks also to audio engineer Antonio Oliart Ros. Extending a standard SATB choir with more voice parts was however no novelty for Magnificat compositions: for example Johann Pachelbel, the teacher of Johann Sebastian's eldest brother, had composed half a dozen Magnificats for SSATB choir, and one for soli, SSATB double choir and orchestra. He had already dazzled his new community over the previous six months with a mind-boggling pace of cantata performances each week, only a handful of which weren’t completely new compositions. In Latin, the last word is inanes (empty-handed). Bach, first composed a version in E-flat major (catalogued as BWV 243a) in 1723 and then reworked that music in D major in 1733 (catalogued as BWV 243). Identified by their loud buzzing noises, they are one of the most distinctive instruments in the brass family. [100] Other CD releases with BWV 243.1 that became available before the end of the century include a recording by Rilling and the Gächinger Kantorei, one with the Regensburger Domspatzen, and one with Rolf Schweizer, the Motettenchor Pforzheim and L'arpa festante playing on period instruments. (1955) Neue Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke, Series 2: Messen, Passionen und oratorische Werke, Volume 3: This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 13:22. — Albert Schweitzer In 1723, Johann Sebastian Bach, with his five children and his new wife of two … Bach, Johann Sebastian Et Exultavit from Magnificat BWV 243 sheet music for Trumpet - 8notes.com Its CD-release as volume 8 of the Maderna Edition by Arkadia was in 1991. Apart from an early setting of the Kyrie, on a mixed Latin and German text (BWV 233a),[6][7] all of Bach's known liturgical compositions in Latin were composed during his tenure as Thomaskantor in Leipzig, from 1723 until his death in 1750. The “Song of Mary,” as it’s known, from the Gospel of Luke, is a rich statement of purpose and faith. BM: Then there’s the humble character of a soprano solo on the words “For he has regarded the lowliness of his handmaiden,”. Zamów dostawę do dowolnego salonu i zapłać przy odbiorze! The Magnificat in D is a setting of the Magnificat by J.S. Kuhnau's Magnificat setting also used a SSATB choir. After changing the time signature from common time to triple metre, the second part of the text, Sicut erat in principio (as it was in the beginning), repeats material from the beginning of the work.[72]. [J.S. [72] Publication followed in the 19th century, including the Christmas hymns of the E-flat major version, and a variety of vocal and instrumental scores adapted to contemporary performance practice for the D major version. Movement A (Vom Himmel hoch) is the only a cappella movement. [10] When Kuhnau died in 1722, one of the candidates applying for the post of Thomaskantor was Christoph Graupner, a former pupil of Kuhnau, who reused a Magnificat he had composed for Christmas 1722 as an audition piece in January 1723, three weeks before Bach presented his audition cantatas Jesus nahm zu sich die Zwölfe, BWV 22 and Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn, BWV 23. You’re listening to The Bach Hour from WCRB, online at Classical WCRB dot org. Vocibus cum Basso continuo", pp. And this performance of the Prelude and Fugue in B-flat from Book 2 of the Well-Tempered Clavier was performed by one of the most expressive of Bach interpreters, Andras Schiff. [72] When the theme is developed the first time, four voices enter from bottom to top. Two recorders (flauto dolce, Fl) are required for aria No. ", "Magnificats BWV 243 & BWV 243a – Details", "One Verse, Two Settings, and Three Strange Youths", "Fünftes Buch: Leipziger Jahre von 1723–1734" pp. Brian McCreath (BM): At the heart of this music is the word “magnify,” something you can hear from its opening notes, as trumpets climb higher and higher. [93][94], In 1924 Arnold Schering edited the full orchestral score of the D major version of Bach's Magnificat for publication by Ernst Eulenburg and Edition Peters. [72] The setting has been likened to a turba chorus as used by Bach in his Passions. Like the Gloria, the Magnificat text comes from the Gospel of Luke—“My soul doth magnify the Lord” (i.46–55)—and it is typically sung at Vespers, the sunset service that was the most musical of the church offices. The Vulgate version translates as "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to people of good will", while the end of the Greek version is rendered more correctly as "Peace on earth, and good will towards men", as it was understood by Luther ("Friede auf Erden und den Menschen ein Wohlgefallen"). Measure 1–15: the motive played by oboe I in the first measure sets the jubilant tone of the tutti. It is possible that Bach produced his new version of the Magnificat for this occasion, although Christmas of the same year as first performance date for the new version is possible too: it can not be determined with certainty on which day around 1732–1735 the D major version of the Magnificat was first performed, and until when Bach amended the score to its final state. The Magnificat in E-flat major, BWV 243a, also BWV 243.1, by Johann Sebastian Bach is a musical setting of the Latin text of the Magnificat, Mary's canticle from the Gospel of Luke.It was composed in 1723 and is in twelve movements, scored for five vocal parts (two sopranos, alto, tenor and bass) and a Baroque orchestra of trumpets, timpani, oboes, strings and basso continuo including bassoon. Bach, Johann Sebastian Et Exultavit from Magnificat BWV 243 midi file for Trumpet (midi) - 8notes.com [65][115] Bärenreiter published a critical edition of all score versions, based on Dürr's 1955 edition, again in 2014/15. It is scored for five vocal parts (two sopranos, alto, tenor and bass), and a Baroque orchestra including trumpets and timpani. [91], Novello printed an Octavo edition of the D major Magnificat in 1874, using a translation to English which John Troutbeck based on the text in The Book of Common Prayer. It is a chosen opportunity to give more than ordinary attention to the Magnificat canticle in liturgy, while the feast celebrates the event tied to its origin. [67][68] In the 1733 version this continuo line is given to a continuo that includes cello, but not bassoon and violone. He did the same in his funeral motet Jesu, meine Freude. [80], A new critical edition of both BWV 243.2 and 243.1 was published in 1955 as Series 2, Volume 3 of the New Bach Edition. Bach, J.S. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Bach: Magnificat - King's College Choir of Cambridge on AllMusic - 2000 The same edition printed the Christmas interpolations for the first time. This is the premiere recording of J.S. The form is a chorale fantasia, with all sopranos singing the 1539 chorale melody attributed to Luther as a cantus firmus, while the lower voices make the counterpoint by imitating sections of the melody line in diminished time. J.S. [41], As these laudes were to be performed with a very limited accompaniment of instruments, they were supposedly performed from the small loft in the high choir of the Thomaskirche, opposite to the large organ loft where the other movements of the Magnificat were performed. [104] Also Helmuth Rilling and John Eliot Gardiner had by then recorded the D major version of the Magnificat. Stuart gives us some advice you need to have to play the piccolo sweetly and without difficulty. 3–479, Johann Sebastian Bach: his work and influence on the music of Germany, 1685–1750, "J.S. This is basically a cantata for solo soprano, trumpet obbligato and string band. (Sleeve)", Magnificat E-flat major and Christmas hymns, Von Himmel hoch (SATB) / Freut euch und jubiliert (SSAT, continuo) / Gloria (SSATB with colla parte instruments & violino obligato) / Virga Jesse (fragment – S, B, continuo), "Magnificat Es-Dur BWV 243a (mit den vier Einlagesätzen: Vom Himmel hoch / Freut euch und jubilieret / Gloria in excelsis / Virga Jesse floruit). [18][19], Being a quintessential part of vespers, evensong or matins, the Magnificat was, already for over a century before Bach's composition, the liturgical text that was most often set to music apart from the Mass ordinary. [14] For the traditional setting of Luther's German Magnificat that is the minor mode for which the last note of the melodic formula is the tonic, a fifth below its opening note. 0:44. [3] The aria continues the feelings of joy from the first movement, but in a less extrovert way. Martin Brass Trumpets. [76], Laudes A and B (transposed to fit in a D major composition) were combined with a movement of a cantate by Graun (probably Carl Heinrich Graun) to form a Christmas motet, Kündlich groß ist das gottselige Geheimnis, BWV Anh. [3] Spitta notes: "Scarcely ever has the idea of virgin purity, simplicity, and humble happiness found more perfect expression than in this German picture of the Madonna, translated, as it were, into musical language. Cd-Release as Volume 8 of the Maderna edition by Arkadia was in 1991 Hello, ’! The setting has been likened to a turba chorus as used by Bach 's major! Franz of Bach 's predecessor Kuhnau Gottfried Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire to. Is coming up, it ’ s also where you ’ ll find past programs available hear! 3 ] [ 72 ] the first time within its original liturgical context, the. Orchester und Orgel ( lat ). 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